EVs are the future. This is justified by the exponentially growing number of EV sales all around the globe.
However, the same pattern is not noticed in India. People here are still reluctant to go for an EV instead of a conventional vehicle.
The main reason behind it is that we don’t have a strong EV infrastructure yet to accommodate EVs properly.
Let us begin with EV charging stations. There aren’t many of them.
Among the available options, some either don’t have proper accommodation for all types of EVs, or they are located at locations people aren’t generally aware of.
Let’s understand the steps that one needs to follow to set up an electric vehicle charging station in India and then decode why still there aren’t as many EV charging stations as there should have been.
Setting Up an Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Here are a few things that one needs to keep in mind while setting up an electric vehicle charging station:
- Research the basic prerequisites of setting up an electric vehicle charging station and their estimated cost and set up a budget.
- Make sure you have enough space to accommodate the vehicles.
- Your location would affect your visibility, so make sure that you choose a location that is easily accessible to people if going for a public charging station.
- Do thorough research and understand well about the legal clauses and make sure that you are in accordance with local and international standards.
- If you are setting up a public charging station being near a power station would ensure a smooth electricity supply.
- Make sure to get all the installations done only by professionals.
- Make arrangements for emergencies and safety. The professionals would help you with these as well.
- Keep a separate budget for advertising and hire a team of professionals that would help you in acquiring the right reach with the right resources.
- Understand the mechanical intricacies, which include EV chargers, connectors, and plugs.
You can go through this article to understand the different types of chargers, connectors, and plugs and then decide which one suits you the best.
- Once you are done setting up an electric vehicle charging station, make sure that you also make arrangements for maintenance of the same.
In the next section, we will discuss the different types of charging units and how these same requisites will change according to the type of charging unit.
Types of Charging Units
There can be two types of charging units being installed, depending on the charger types and location of the charging station – domestic and public.
Let’s understand what makes them different and what is the way to install them successfully.
- Domestic chargers are meant for personal use, and public chargers are made for mass use. Hence, their requisites change dramatically.
- Since domestic charges would accommodate only 1–2 vehicles, they don’t need a huge parking space, while the public chargers need a decent parking space in order to accommodate the fleet of vehicles.
- Domestic charging units would not require as much electricity supply as public charging units, and hence they don’t need to be necessarily near the power stations.
- Domestic chargers would accommodate a vehicle mostly during non-working hours, while public stations would accommodate vehicles mostly during working hours.
- There are three types of chargers, and each one finds its use at different places. Level 1 chargers are the slowest and hence are used for domestic purposes.
Under the public charging unit, we have Level 2 and Level 3 chargers. Level 2 chargers are usually installed in public places like malls, hotels, or places with decent parking spaces. Level 3 chargers can only be found at a charging station in India.
- Since domestic charging stations can accommodate a single vehicle for a longer duration of time, level 1 chargers are ideal for them.
However, for the public arrangement, level 2 and level 3 charges are required as a single vehicle can only be accommodated for a short time span.
- The budget for domestic charging stations would be dramatically different from the budget for public charging stations.
- The domestic charging station has to only look after the needs of one to two vehicles, and hence they can be precise about the connectors and plugs and only possess the ones that are adequate for their vehicles.
However, a public charging station needs to have a variety of options when it comes to EV connectors and plugs because they don’t know all the types of vehicles they would be accommodating, and hence they need to prepare for every possible option.
- Domestic charging stations do not require visibility since they are meant for personal use, and hence no part of the budget has to be spent on advertising and being seen.
On the other hand, the entire purpose of a public charging station is to be seen, and hence they keep a portion of their budget reserved for advertising.
They also need to register themselves on discovery apps which would make them readily available for public service.
Despite all these differences, there still are points that are common to both of them.
For example, setting up a budget, getting the installations done only by the professionals, taking care of the safety of the charging stations as well as the vehicle they are accommodating, being prepared for emergencies, reading the legal clause carefully, signing any sort of contract after thorough supervision, maintenance, ensuring a proper electricity supply, and understanding about the different available options.
This was a step-by-step guide for setting up an electric vehicle charging station.
Keep up with the upcoming TelioEV blogs to learn more about such interesting things and make EVs easier!